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I must apologize for saying this all over again. I have written about it before.
Just the fundamentals.
I am giving the basics – based on what Vivekananda and Yogananda said
Pratyahar – turn attention within
Dharna- turn attention inside and able to find a spot to focus on
Dhyana- to turn inside and keep attention on spot within
Samadhi turn attention within and being one with the spot
Dhyana in English is called mediation
Yoga means unite. That would be Samadhi
This is bare basics. But sufficient ready reference
Now the fun starts after Samadhi. The types
Sampragnat samadhi – means with knowledge. Sam is with. Pragna means inner wisdom
Asampragnat samadhi – Higher that sampragnat is asampragnat samadhi – Without knowledge. Asam means without. Pragna. Inner wisdom
Sampragnat samadhi – four types.
• Savitarka – with doubt sa with. Vitarka doubt
• Suvichar- with good thoughts absorbed within with thoughts of within. Su good. Vichar thoughts
• Sanand – with joy of being within sa with. ananda joy ( not happiness)
• Asmita – ego conscious Asmi i-ness
Then there are other samadhi
Savikalpa – with thoughts
Nirvikalpa – with out thoughts
Sahaja – spontaneous constant
I will not go into those things in detail
There is a lot of confusion about them because of A few reasons
Different yogi have given different interpretation
People understand things incorrectly and promote their wrong understanding
Samadhi is experience. There are no words or parallels to it. But elsewhere I have written ways to get there and an explanation how to differentiate samadhi, dream, dhayana and illusions of mind Since there are no words to describe it – it creates confusion. We mistake our paltry experience as samadhi. My friends , God is closer than you imagine but very far from those paltry experiences.