Rath yantra

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Krishna, Balbhadra and Subhadra were having a very hot summer day in Bhuvaneshwar. They finally went for a bath in the ocean / river nearby and when they came back, they got sick. They were very sick. A few weeks later, they went for dinner at a nearby cottage and that procession from the temple to the cottage took 9 days. First Subhadra went in a chariot with 12 wheels, then Balbhadra in the chariot with 14 wheels and finally Krishna in the chariot with 16 wheels. The chariots have very specific dimensions.

After they ate at the cottage, they finally got better

The Chariot of Subhadra, known as Dwarpadalana , literally “trampler of pride,” is forty – three feet high with twelve wheels, each of seven – foot diameter. This Chariot is decked with a covering of red and black cloth – black being traditionally associated with Shakti and the Mother Goddess.

Presiding Deties: Devi Subhadra

Number of wheels: 12

Total Number of wooden pieces used: 593

Height: 42′ 3″

Length and breadth: 31’6″ x 31’6″

Wrappings: Red, Black colour cloths

Guarded by: Jayadurga

Name of the charioteer: Arjuna

The flag: Nadambika

The horses: Rochika, Mochika, Jita, Aparajita

The rope: Swarnachuda Naguni

Presiding Nine Deities:

(i) Chandi

(ii) Chamunda

(iii) Ugratara

(iv) Vanadurga

(v) Shulidurga

(vi) Varahi

(vii) Shyamakali

(viii) Mangala

(ix) Vimala

parts that consist of a chariot

Parts of Rath / chariot

Chariot of Balabhadra – TALADHWAJA

The Chariot of Lord Balarama, called the Taladhwaja, is the one with the Palm Tree on its flag. It has fourteen wheels, each of seven foot diameter and is covered with red and blue cloth. Its height is forty – four feet.

Presiding Deties: Shree Balabhadra

Number of wheels: 14

Total Number of wooden pieces used: 763

Height: 43′ 3″

Length and breadth: 33′ x 33′

Wrappings: Red, Bluish green colour cloths

Guarded by: Basudev

Name of the charioteer: Matali

The flag: Unnani

The horses: Tribra, Ghora, Dirghasharma, Swornanava

The rope: Basuki Naga

Presiding Nine Deities:

(i) Ganesh

(ii) Kartikeya

(iii) Sarvamangala

(iv) Pralambari

(v) Hatayudha

(vi) Mrutyunjaya

(vii) Natamvara

(viii) Mukteswar

(ix) Sheshadeva

Chariot of Jagannath – NANDIGHOSHA/GARUDADHWAJA/KAPIDHWAJA

Lord Jagannatha’s Chariot is called Nandighosa. It is forty-five feet high and forty – five feet square at the wheel level. It has sixteen wheels, each of seven – foot diameter, and is decked with a cover made of red and yellow cloth. Lord Jagannatha is identified with Krushna, who is also known as Pitambara, the one attired in golden yellow robes and hence the distinguishing yellow stripes on the canopy of this chariot.

Presiding Deties: Shree Jagannath

Number of wheels: 16

Total Number of wooden pieces used: 832

Height: 44′ 2″

Length and breadth: 34’6″ x 34’6″

Wrappings: Red, Yellow colour cloths

Guarded by: Garuda

Name of the charioteer: Daruka

The flag: Trailokyamohini

The horses: Shankha, Balahaka, Suweta, Haridashwa

The rope: Sankhachuda Naguni

Presiding Nine Deities:

(i) Varaha

(ii) Gobardhan

(iii) Krushna, Gopi Krushna

(iv) Nrusingha

(v) Rama

(vi) Narayan

(Vii) Trivikrama

(viii) Hanuman

(ix) Rudra

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